Installing the Entware repository package system on a USB drive

To install OpenWRT packages on Keenetic, you first need to prepare an external USB flash drive and install the Entware repository package system on it.

1. Connect the flash drive to your PC and prepare its partitions. The disk must be formatted in the EXT file system for the OPKG package manager to work. We recommend using the modern and up-to-date journaled ext4 file system. Format the disk as shown in the article 'Using the ext4 file system on USB drives'.

2. In your Keenetic router, install the required OPKG components. The primary and mandatory one is the 'Open Package support' component.

opkg_components.png

NOTE: Important! It is possible to install OPKG packages on the Keenetic models with USB ports that support USB flash drives. These are: KN-1410, KN-1710/1711, KN-1010/1011, KN-2510, KN-2410, KN-1810, KN-1910, KN-2310, KN-2010, KN-2110, KN-2610, KN-2710.

3. Now, you need to install the Entware package system repository.

TIP: Tips: For KN-1410, KN-1710/1711, KN-1010/1011, KN-1810, KN-1910, KN-2610, KN-2310, use mipsel archive to install — EN_mipsel-installer.tar.gz

For KN-2510, KN-2410, KN-2010, KN-2110, use mips archive to install — EN_mips-installer.tar.gz

For KN-2710, use aarch64EN_aarch64-installer.tar.gz

4. In our example, we will install the mipsel archive.

Plug the USB drive with the ext4 file system into the router's USB port. The drive should appear on the 'Applications' page under 'USB Devices'.

applications_usb_stick.png

Use a file manager to connect to the drive via the network (in Windows, you can use Explorer). In the router's settings, the SMB server application must be enabled in advance to access USB disks that you connect over the network.

Create an install directory in the root of the disk partition where you put the file EN_mipsel-installer.tar.gz.

mipsel_win.png

5. Go to the OPKG page and select the ext4 drive you have prepared in the 'Drive' field.

Click Save.

opkg_screen.png

6. Go to the Diagnostics page and open the router's System Log. You should see the following entries when installing Entware's package system:

Dec 7 11:48:53 ndm
Opkg::Manager: disk is set to: TOSHIBA:/.
Dec 7 11:48:53 ndm
Opkg::Manager: init script reset to default: /opt/etc/initrc.
Dec 7 11:48:53 ndm
Core::System::Configuration: saving (http/rci).
Dec 7 11:48:53 kernel
EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
Dec 7 11:48:53 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /tmp/mnt/ee4d809f-d6ac-4f82-b5ef-d6940340ef39 mounted to /tmp/mnt/ee4d809f-d6ac-4f82-b5ef-d6940340ef39.
Dec 7 11:48:53 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /tmp/mnt/ee4d809f-d6ac-4f82-b5ef-d6940340ef39 mounted to /opt/.
Dec 7 11:48:53 npkg
inflating "EN_mipsel-installer.tar.gz".
Dec 7 11:48:54 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /tmp/mnt/ee4d809f-d6ac-4f82-b5ef-d6940340ef39 initialized.
Dec 7 11:48:54 ndm
Opkg::Manager: invalid initrc "/opt/etc/initrc": no such file or directory, trying /opt/etc/init.d/.
Dec 7 11:48:54 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: [1/5] Starting "Entware" deployment...
Dec 7 11:48:54 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Partition is OK.
Dec 7 11:48:54 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ping google.com"...
Dec 7 11:48:56 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ping google.com" ..... OK.
Dec 7 11:48:56 ndm
Core::System::Configuration: configuration saved.
Dec 7 11:48:57 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ping bin.entware.net"...
Dec 7 11:48:59 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ping bin.entware.net" ..... OK.
Dec 7 11:49:01 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: [2/5] Basic packages installation...
Dec 7 11:49:01 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "libgcc" package...
Dec 7 11:49:02 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "libgcc" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:03 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "libc" package...
Dec 7 11:49:07 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "libc" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:08 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "libpthread" package...
Dec 7 11:49:09 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "libpthread" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:10 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "librt" package...
Dec 7 11:49:12 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "librt" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:13 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "entware-release" package...
Dec 7 11:49:14 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "entware-release" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:15 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "findutils" package...
Dec 7 11:49:16 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "findutils" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:17 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "grep" package...
Dec 7 11:49:19 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "grep" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:20 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "ldconfig" package...
Dec 7 11:49:22 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "ldconfig" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:23 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "locales" package...
Dec 7 11:49:25 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "locales" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:26 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "opkg" package...
Dec 7 11:49:28 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "opkg" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:29 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "zoneinfo-asia" package...
Dec 7 11:49:31 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "zoneinfo-asia" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:32 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "zoneinfo-europe" package...
Dec 7 11:49:33 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "zoneinfo-europe" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:34 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "opt-ndmsv2" package...
Dec 7 11:49:36 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "opt-ndmsv2" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:37 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "dropbear" package...
Dec 7 11:49:39 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "dropbear" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:40 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "poorbox" package...
Dec 7 11:49:42 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "poorbox" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:43 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Installing "busybox" package...
Dec 7 11:49:49 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: The "busybox" package has been installed.
Dec 7 11:49:50 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: All basic packages were installed...
Dec 7 11:49:50 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: [3/5] Generating SSH keys...
Dec 7 11:49:50 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Generating "rsa" key...
Dec 7 11:49:58 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "rsa" key was created.
Dec 7 11:49:59 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Generating "ecdsa" key...
Dec 7 11:49:59 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ecdsa" key was created.
Dec 7 11:50:00 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: Generating "ed25519" key...
Dec 7 11:50:00 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Info: "ed25519" key was created.
Dec 7 11:50:02 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: [4/5] Setting timezone, script initrc and starting "dropbear"...
Dec 7 11:50:02 dropbear[16931]
Running in background
Dec 7 11:50:02 ndm
Opkg::Manager: configured init script: "/opt/etc/init.d/rc.unslung".
Dec 7 11:50:02 ndm
Core::System::Configuration: saving (http/rci).
Dec 7 11:50:02 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: Log on to start an SSH session using login - root, password - keenetic.
Dec 7 11:50:02 ndm
Opkg::Manager: /opt/etc/init.d/doinstall: [5/5] "Entware" installed!
Dec 7 11:50:05 ndm
Core::System::Configuration: configuration saved.


7. Download the Putty terminal program for SSH and Telnet.

8. Start Putty, select the SSH connection type, type the router's IP address in the Home segment (192.168.1.1 by default), specify port 222 and click Open.

putty_start.png

See the 'Terminal program for Windows' article for more information on working with Putty.

NOTE: Important! Port 222 is used if the 'SSH server' component is installed in the router. If it is not installed, use port 22 to connect to Entware.

Confirm adding the security key to the Putty cache to establish the connection.

putty_alert.png

When booting up, confirm login by pressing Yes.

Then go to the router settings using the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol.

To log in, enter:

login as: root
root@192.168.111.1's password: keenetic


putty-01.png

You can set your password. To do this, enter the passwd command:

New password: enter your password
Retype password: confirm the password

~ # passwd
Changing password for root
New password:
Bad password: too weak
Retype password:
passwd: password for root changed by root


putty-02.png

9. After successful authorisation, you will come to the BusyBox v1.27.2 () built-in shell (ash). Now you need to update the opkg package by entering the command opkg update:

/ # opkg update
Downloading http://bin.entware.net/mipselsf-k3.4/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /opt/var/opkg-lists/entware
Downloading http://bin.entware.net/mipselsf-k3.4/keenetic/Packages.gz
Updated list of available packages in /opt/var/opkg-lists/keendev


putty-opkg-update.png

Now you can install the necessary OpenWRT package.

For example, to install the Midnight Commander file manager, run the command:

opkg install mc

 

TIP: Tips: You can find the list of packages for MIPS here, for MIPSel here, and here for AArch64. An additional list of packages for Keenetic can be found here for MIPS, here for MIPSel, and here for AArch64.

NOTE: Important! Our technical support does not provide consulting on configuring and installing external packages. Questions about the router's operations with open packages can be asked on our Community Forum: forum.keenetic.net.

Here is an example of installing a package in our Help Center: 'Installation and configuration of the rTorrent OPKG package'.

Was this article helpful?

22 out of 26 found this helpful

Have more questions? Submit a request